Drink More, Not Less for Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder is the experience of frequent, strong urges to urinate that you cannot control. You may feel the urge to urinate even when the bladder is not full.

There may be more than one cause of overactive bladder, and although the likelihood of experiencing it increases as you age, it is not a normal part of aging. Overactive bladder is common among men and women, with approximately 33 million Americans diagnosed.

Treatment for overactive bladder can depend on the underlying cause of the condition, but a first line of treatment often includes behavioral changes. As far as drinking fluids, it is recommended that people with overactive bladder drink more, not less, to improve their symptoms.

Normal Bladder Function

In normal urination, nerves in the bladder signal to the brain when the bladder is full and needs to be emptied. The pelvic floor muscles that are usually tightened relax, and the muscles of the bladder constrict. This forces urine out of the body through the urethra.

Causes of Overactive Bladder

With an overactive bladder, the bladder constricts when it is not full, creating the strong, immediate urge to urinate. Sometimes this urge causes incontinence, or involuntary urination.

Potential causes of overactive bladder include:

·       Enlarged prostate

·       Urinary tract infections

·       Certain types of medication

·       Excess consumption of alcohol or caffeine

·       Tumors or stones in the bladder

·       Diabetes

Drink More, Not Less

Whatever the cause of overactive bladder, there are changes you can make in your lifestyle and activities that can help. One of these is making sure to drink plenty of fluids. Not getting enough to drink can irritate the bladder lining and make the symptoms of overactive bladder worse. Urine itself is an irritant when concentrated (that is, when you’re dehydrated).

Other Preventive Behavioral Measures

Additional ways to improve overactive bladder symptoms include:

·       Strengthen pelvic floor muscles with Kegel exercises

·       Urinate on a schedule, whether there is a strong urge to do so or not

·       Delay urination with bladder training

·       Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and caffeine

·       Lose weight if you are overweight

·       Wear incontinence pads or specialized underwear to lessen the stress or worry of not getting to a bathroom in time

Medical Treatments

When changes in behavior are not enough, there are other treatment options available for overactive bladder. Medications can relax the bladder and prevent the urge to urinate. Side effects of these drugs include dry mouth and constipation.

Botox injections temporarily paralyze the muscles of the bladder. These injections may be recommended for severe urge incontinence and its effects last for up to five months.

More invasive treatments include implanting a nerve stimulator, or surgery to enlarge or remove the bladder. These treatments should only be considered when other methods have failed.

If you have an overactive bladder, a urologist can help diagnose it and find the best treatment plan for you. Dr. Richard Natale of Carolina Urology Partners is a board-certified urologist with offices in Concord, North Carolina (in the Charlotte area). Call (704) 786-5131 for an appointment today to get relief for your overactive bladder.


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